Likewise, it has been reported that obesity may be associated to periodontitis through the increased production of reactive oxygen species (ROS). Excessive ROS levels and a decrease in antioxidant substances in the periodontal tissues result in a chronic activation of inflammation and tissue destruction (40).
How does obesity affect periodontal disease?
Recent studies indicate the rate of developing periodontitis increases 1.8 times more in obese individuals, and those with a BMI > 30 were three times more likely to develop periodontitis.
How does obesity cause gum disease?
According to research published in the British Dental Journal, “increased body mass index, waist circumference, percentage of subcutaneous body fat, and serum lipid levels are associated with increased risk to develop periodontitis,” which is due to activities of specific proteins called adipose tissue-derived …
How does obesity affect dentistry?
People who are obese tend to have inflammation in their bodies. Inflammation is associated with many medical and dental problems. For example, people with type 1 or type 2 diabetes are at risk for developing dry mouth, oral infections and severe dental problems, such as periodontal disease, also known as gum disease.
What are the contributing factors to inflammation and the correlation between obesity and periodontal disease?
Inflammation is the body’s immune system response to an irritant, for instance, toxins in the body. Studies have shown that increased body mass index, waist circumference, and percentage of body fat can be linked to an increase in the risk of developing periodontal disease.
Can gum disease make you gain weight?
Inflammation Contributes to Weight Gain
When your body is responding to the chronic infection in your gums, it releases inflammatory compounds into your body. These can alter the way your body uses energy and stores fat.
Who obese people?
Obesity is defined as excessive body fat that increases your risk of other health problems. A person with a body mass index (BMI) above 30 is considered obese, while a person with a BMI between 25 and 30 is considered overweight.
How is periodontal and diabetes related?
Diabetes that is not controlled well leads to higher blood sugar (glucose) levels in the mouth fluids. This promotes the growth of bacteria that can cause gum disease. On the other hand, infections from untreated periodontal disease can cause the blood sugar to rise and make it harder to control diabetes.
Which risk factor most affects the progression of periodontal disease?
All risk factors are not created equal. Diabetes and smoking are the biggest risk factors for periodontal disease, increasing the occurrence, severity, and speed of onset and progression. The No. 1 systemic condition that increases susceptibility to periodontal disease is diabetes.
What is the US obesity?
In adults, obesity is defined as having a BMI of 30.0 or more , according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). Obesity is associated with a higher risk for serious diseases, such as type 2 diabetes, heart disease, and cancer. Obesity is common.
Can poor oral health lead to obesity?
A poor diet leads to poor oral health
A diet high in fat and calories, including large quantities of processed foods or sugar, and a lack of physical activity, leads to obesity. Those same foods can cause oral health problems including gum disease, premature tooth loss and bad breath.
Does obesity cause tooth decay?
Obesity is also linked to a number of detrimental health effects, including inflammation and acid reflux. For your teeth, these two issues create a one-two punch that may lead to an increased cavity risk, but you can reduce your risk for both cavities and obesity with a few simple lifestyle strategies.
How does obesity affect oral health?
Obese patients can be characterised by two states of resistance: insulin resistance and leptin resistance . These characteristics must be complemented with a very high risk of periodontal disease and gingivitis as well as increased risk of incidence of dental caries [31–33].
Does obesity cause bleeding gums?
The results were clear – obese participants were significantly more likely to have gum disease. The standard risk for this age group is 33.3% for periodontitis, 14.3% for moderate to severe periodontitis, and 14.7% for Bleeding on Probing (BOP) and Clinical Attachment Loss (CAL).