It is essential for the clinician to determine the cognitive status of the patient he/she is planning to treat. The elements of capacity include understanding, appreciation and reasoning. These elements are measured by a person’s ability to express their wishes, understand information, reason and arrive at a decision.
What is ethically and morally obligated by the dentist?
A dentist is obligated to treat every patient, assuming the dentist is capable of treating the patient T/F. F. Autonomy, nonmaleficence, beneficence, and justice are four generally accepted ethical principles.
Which principle involves the patient exercising autonomy in providing information to the dental hygienist?
Confidentiality is related to respect for persons and involves the patient exercising his or her autonomy in providing information to the dental professional. Confidentiality is a critical aspect of trust and has a long history of use in health care.
When society is concerned with the allocation of resources in large social systems it is called?
Distributive justice is concerned with the allocation of resources in large social systems. Policymakers must confront the issue of how society distributes its resources.
What is informed consent in dental procedures?
(a) A patient with a mental illness, dementia or other condition or disability potentially affecting their ability to make informed decisions may consent to dental treatment where the dentist is satisfied that they are able to understand the proposed treatment, the information provided and the risks and benefits of …
What are the essential qualities of an ethical dentist?
Qualities of honesty, compassion, kindness, integrity, fairness and charity are part of the ethical education of a dentist and practice of dentistry and help to define the true professional. As such, each dentist should share in providing advocacy to and care of the underserved.
Why the laws and ethical conduct are important in dentistry?
Through unbiased research and responsible clinical investigation, a dentist can significantly influence the health and well-being of the public. Dental Practice Acts regulate the practice of dentistry with a primary purpose of protecting the public.
Are dentists bound by patient confidentiality?
Dentists are obliged to safeguard the confidentiality of patient records. … Upon request of a patient or another dental practitioner, dentists shall provide any information in accordance with applicable law that will be beneficial for the future treatment of that patient.
What information is considered confidential in dental practice?
What is personal information? In a dental context, personal information held by a dentist about a patient includes: the patient’s name, current and previous addresses, bank account/credit card details, telephone number/email address and other means of personal identification such as physical description.
What is the code of ethics for dental hygienists?
Dental Hygienists value integrity, and respect. 1. Integrity: moral soundness; uprightness; sincerity; freedom from corrupting influence or motive a. Dental Hygienists value personal integrity and are honest, truthful, and respectful when interacting with other human beings.
What are the two principles of justice according to Rawls?
Rawls orders the principles of justice lexically, as follows: 1, 2b, 2a. The greatest equal liberty principle takes priority, followed by the equal opportunity principle and finally the difference principle.
What is a just distribution of resources within a society?
Distributive justice concerns the socially just allocation of resources. … In social psychology, distributive justice is defined as perceived fairness of how rewards and costs are shared by (distributed across) group members.
What are the four principles of distributive justice?
The major tenets of distributive justice are equality, proportionality and fairness.
When can care be given without consent?
is severely ill and living in unhygienic conditions (under the National Assistance Act 1948) – a person who’s severely ill or infirm and living in unsanitary conditions can be taken to a place of care without their consent.
What are the two types of informed consent?
Types of Informed Consent
- Implied consent: Implied consent refers to when a patient passively cooperates in a process without discussion or formal consent. …
- Verbal consent: A verbal consent is where a patient states their consent to a procedure verbally but does not sign any written form.
What are the 4 types of consent?
Types of consent include implied consent, express consent, informed consent and unanimous consent.