Initiation and progression of periodontal infections are affected by local and systemic conditions. The local factors include dental plaque and plaque retentive areas such as dental calculus and defective restorations. Systemic risk factors include poorly controlled diabetes mellitus and tobacco smoking.
What are local risk factors?
Local risk factors can be defined as factors associated with the teeth and supporting tissues that may initiate or predispose to periodontal disease. They are difficult to classify, but can be broadly defined under two major groups: anatomical risk factors. iatrogenic risk factors.
What is localized periodontitis?
Localized Aggressive Periodontitis (LAP) is a rare form of inflammatory periodontal disease characterized by a rapid rate of progression, dramatic attachment and bone loss, on very specific teeth (first molars and incisors), and an early age of onset1,2.
What are the risk factors for periodontal disease?
- Poor oral health habits.
- Smoking or chewing tobacco.
- Hormonal changes, such as those related to pregnancy or menopause.
- Recreational drug use, such as smoking marijuana or vaping.
- Inadequate nutrition, including vitamin C deficiency.
What are the main causes of periodontal disease?
Periodontal (gum) disease is an infection of the tissues that hold your teeth in place. It’s typically caused by poor brushing and flossing habits that allow plaque—a sticky film of bacteria—to build up on the teeth and harden.
What are systemic factors of periodontal disease?
Periodontal disease is increased by several risk factors: cigarette smoking; systemic diseases; medications such as steroids, anti-epilepsy drugs and cancer therapy drugs; ill-fitting bridges; crooked teeth and loose fillings; pregnancy; and oral contraceptive use.
Why does gingivitis happen?
The most common cause of gingivitis is poor oral hygiene that encourages plaque to form on teeth, causing inflammation of the surrounding gum tissues. Here’s how plaque can lead to gingivitis: Plaque forms on your teeth.
How is localized periodontitis treated?
- Flap surgery (pocket reduction surgery). Your periodontist makes tiny incisions in your gum so that a section of gum tissue can be lifted back, exposing the roots for more effective scaling and root planing. …
- Soft tissue grafts. …
- Bone grafting. …
- Guided tissue regeneration. …
- Tissue-stimulating proteins.
What is the best mouthwash to use for periodontal disease?
Crest Gum Care Mouthwash is an excellent option for gingivitis prevention—it helps reverse early signs of gum disease, reduce gum inflammation, and kill bad breath germs, without the burn of alcohol.
What are the stages of periodontal disease?
Periodontal disease is broken up into four separate stages: gingivitis, slight periodontal disease, moderate periodontal disease, and advanced periodontal disease.
Can periodontitis be stopped?
The effects of periodontitis can be stopped through regular checkups and treatment and continued good oral hygiene. This is also a part of treatment once an infection occurs.
What is the most common periodontal disease?
The two most common periodontal diseases are gingivitis and periodontitis.
Is periodontitis curable?
Your dentist can help catch early signs of gingivitis at your regular cleanings and checkups. In most cases, you can cure gum in this stage. However, as the disease progresses and reaches periodontitis, it can’t be cured, only treated.
Do dentists lie about periodontal disease?
The standard of care for dentists licensed to practice dentistry in [name of state] requires dentists to accurately diagnose periodontal disease and refrain from directing auxiliaries to perform scaling and root planing when the need for such is not supported by clinical and radiographic documentation.”
What does periodontal disease look like?
Bright red, swollen gums that bleed very easily, even during brushing or flossing. A bad taste or persistent mouth odor. White spots or plaques on the gums. Gums that look like they’re pulling away from the teeth.
Can gum tissue regrow?
Your gum tissue doesn’t regenerate the way other types of tissue does (like the epithelial tissue of your skin, for example). As a result, receding gums don’t grow back. Keep reading to learn what you can do to treat receding gums, even if they won’t grow back.