Some common chemical sterilants and disinfectants used in dental offices include glutaraldehyde, glutaraldehyde with phenol, hydrogen peroxide, hydrogen peroxide with peracetic acid, ortho-phthalalhyde (OPA), alcohols (ethyl, isopropyl), quatemary ammonium chloride, oxidizers (bleach), formaldehyde and phenolics.
What are the chemical hazard for dentist?
Dentists are at risk of occupational exposure to a variety of chemicals such as anaesthetic gases, amalgam, acrylates, latex and disinfectants .
What are the 4 types of chemical hazards?
There are many types of hazardous chemicals, including neurotoxins, immune agents, dermatologic agents, carcinogens, reproductive toxins, systemic toxins, asthmagens, pneumoconiotic agents, and sensitizers. In the workplace, exposure to chemical hazards is a type of occupational hazard.
What are the types of hazardous chemicals?
Examples of hazardous chemicals include:
- cleaning chemicals.
- gas cylinders.
- refrigerant gases.
What is a hazard in a dental practice?
Generally, occupational dentistry hazards fall into the following categories: risk of exposure to chemicals and noxious substances; risk of physical injury; and risk of infection and disease transmission.
What are the 2 types of hazard?
What types of hazards are there?
- biological – bacteria, viruses, insects, plants, birds, animals, and humans, etc.,
- chemical – depends on the physical, chemical and toxic properties of the chemical,
- ergonomic – repetitive movements, improper set up of workstation, etc.,
What are the two main types of chemical hazard?
In the workplace there are two types of chemical hazards: health hazards and physicochemical hazards.
What are the three causes of chemical hazard?
The different ways a person can come into contact with hazardous chemicals are called exposure pathways. There are three basic exposure pathways: inhalation, ingestion, and skin contact. Inhalation is breathing or inhaling into the lungs.
What are 10 common chemicals used at home?
11 Compounds We Use In Everyday Life
- Water. Chemical Formula: H2O. …
- Table Salt. Chemical Formula: NaCl. …
- Sucrose (Sugar) Chemical Formula: C12H22O11. …
- Soaps. Chemical Formula: RCOO–Na, Where R is a long chain of carbon atoms ranging from 16-18 in number. …
- Toothpaste. …
- Baking Powder. …
- Mouthwash. …
- Nailpaint Remover.
What are examples of chemicals?
Examples of chemicals include the chemical elements, such as zinc, helium, and oxygen; compounds made from elements including water, carbon dioxide, and salt; and more complex materials like your computer, air, rain, a chicken, a car, etc.
What are the two main safety hazards in a dental chair?
These include exposure to infections (including Human Immunodeficiency Virus and viral hepatitis); percutaneous exposure incidents, dental materials, radiation, and noise; musculoskeletal disorders; psychological problems and dermatitis; respiratory disorders; and eye insults.
Which is the physical hazard?
A physical hazard is an agent, factor or circumstance that can cause harm with contact. They can be classified as type of occupational hazard or environmental hazard. Physical hazards include ergonomic hazards, radiation, heat and cold stress, vibration hazards, and noise hazards.
What is the average salary of a dentist?
For the purposes of this study, dentists refer to the detailed occupation recognized by the BLS as “dentists, general.” The national average annual wage of a dentist is $175,840, over three times the average annual salary for all occupations, $51,960.