Which is most likely to increase the risk and severity of periodontal disease?

All risk factors are not created equal. Diabetes and smoking are the biggest risk factors for gum disease development, increased severity, and the speed at which it occurs. The number one systemic condition that increases susceptibility to periodontal disease is diabetes.

Who is more prone to periodontal disease?

Studies indicate that older people have the highest rates of periodontal disease. Data from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention indicates that over 70% of Americans 65 and older have periodontitis.

What is the largest modifiable risk factor for periodontal disease progression?

Smoking is the best established of the modifiable risk factors for developing periodontal disease.

How is the severity of periodontal disease determined?

Severity is based on the amount of clinical attachment loss (CAL) and is designated as slight (1-2 mm CAL), moderate (3-4 mm CAL) or severe (> 5 mm CAL). Refractory periodontitis refers to continued attachment loss in spite of adequate treatment and proper oral hygiene.

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What are the risk factors for periodontal disease?

Risk factors

  • Gingivitis.
  • Poor oral health habits.
  • Smoking or chewing tobacco.
  • Hormonal changes, such as those related to pregnancy or menopause.
  • Recreational drug use, such as smoking marijuana or vaping.
  • Obesity.
  • Inadequate nutrition, including vitamin C deficiency.
  • Genetics.

14.02.2020

Can periodontitis be cured?

Your dentist can help catch early signs of gingivitis at your regular cleanings and checkups. In most cases, you can cure gum in this stage. However, as the disease progresses and reaches periodontitis, it can’t be cured, only treated.

What are the 4 stages of periodontal disease?

Periodontal disease is broken up into four separate stages: gingivitis, slight periodontal disease, moderate periodontal disease, and advanced periodontal disease.

What is aggressive periodontitis?

Aggressive periodontitis, as the name implies is a type of periodontitis where there is rapid destruction of periodontal ligament and alveolar bone which occurs in otherwise systemically healthy individuals generally of a younger age group but patients may be older [1, 2].

Is periodontitis reversible?

Periodontitis can’t be reversed, only slowed down, while gingivitis can be reversed. This is why it’s important to catch it in its early stages and prevent it from moving on to periodontitis.

What are the systemic conditions that are linked to periodontal disease?

Periodontal diseases can predispose individuals to several systemic diseases such as cardiovascular disease, oral and colorectal cancer, gastrointestinal diseases, respiratory tract infection and pneumonia, adverse pregnancy outcomes, diabetes and insulin resistance, and Alzheimer’s disease.

Which of the following is the primary factor causing periodontal disease?

Plaque is the primary cause of gum disease. However, other factors can contribute to periodontal disease. These include: Hormonal changes, such as those occurring during pregnancy, puberty, menopause, and monthly menstruation, make gums more sensitive, which makes it easier for gingivitis to develop.

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Which of the following is the primary cause of periodontal disease?

It’s typically caused by poor brushing and flossing habits that allow plaque—a sticky film of bacteria—to build up on the teeth and harden. In advanced stages, periodontal disease can lead to sore, bleeding gums; painful chewing problems; and even tooth loss.

What is stage IV periodontitis?

Stage IV periodontitis (very severe disease) patients will have probing depths ≥6 mm, CAL ≥5 mm, and may have vertical bone loss and/or furcation involvement of Class II or III.

Can gum tissue regrow?

Your gum tissue doesn’t regenerate the way other types of tissue does (like the epithelial tissue of your skin, for example). As a result, receding gums don’t grow back. Keep reading to learn what you can do to treat receding gums, even if they won’t grow back.

How long does periodontitis take to develop?

Slight Periodontal Disease

During the early gingivitis stages, gum inflammation can occur in as little as five days. Within two to three weeks, the signs of generalized gingivitis become more noticeable. If you still leave this untreated, it would progress to slight periodontal disease.

Do dentists lie about periodontal disease?

The standard of care for dentists licensed to practice dentistry in [name of state] requires dentists to accurately diagnose periodontal disease and refrain from directing auxiliaries to perform scaling and root planing when the need for such is not supported by clinical and radiographic documentation.”

Happy teeth