You asked: What is the currently accepted measure of periodontal status?

18-20 CAL is accepted as the gold standard for periodontitis and is considered to be a measure of past, in contrast to current, disease activity.

How is periodontitis measured?

Measure the pocket depth of the groove between your gums and teeth by placing a dental probe beside your tooth beneath your gumline, usually at several sites throughout your mouth. In a healthy mouth, the pocket depth is usually between 1 and 3 millimeters (mm). Pockets deeper than 4 mm may indicate periodontitis.

How is periodontal status calculated?

Pappilary-ging portion betwn teeth marginal-collar surroundin the teeth attached-overlying bony alveolar process. Purpose is to locate areas of gingival sulcus bleeding on probing. Intended to estimate periodontal disease by measuring presence or absence of ging inflammtion,pocket frmtn,etc. Used in large population.

What does periodontal probing measure?

The periodontal probing process is the most effective way to evaluate for areas of inflammation. The probe measures in millimeter increments, and measures the distance from the deepest extent of the pocket that surrounds your tooth to the surface of the tissue.

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Which probe would be most appropriate for undertaking a full mouth periodontal assessment?

Furcation involvement

This should be assessed as part of routine periodontal assessment, bearing in mind the anatomy of multi-rooted teeth. Ideally, a curved furcation probe (e.g. the Nabers probe) should be used for this purpose.

Do gum pockets heal?

Periodontal pockets are a symptom of periodontitis (gum disease), a serious oral infection. Periodontal pockets can be treated and reversed with good oral hygiene or with dental treatment. But when left untreated, periodontal pockets can lead to tooth loss.

What are the 4 stages of periodontal disease?

Periodontal disease is broken up into four separate stages: gingivitis, slight periodontal disease, moderate periodontal disease, and advanced periodontal disease.

What is the periodontal disease index?

The PDI is the total of the scores for each tooth divided by the number of teeth examined: the higher the score, the more severe the periodontal disease. Further Reading: Ramfjord S. P. The Periodontal Disease Index (PDI).

What is a periodontal index?

Definition. Severity and degree of periodontal diseases ( gingivitis, periodontitis) in an individual (or in a section of a population) are assessed, according to a WHO-recommendation, by the CPI (Community Periodontal Index) taking as its basis the three features bleeding, dental calculus, and gingival sulcus.

What is a gingival index?

The Gingival Index (GI) scores each site on a 0 to 3 scale, with 0 being normal and 3 being severe inflammation characterized by edema, redness, swelling, and spontaneous bleeding4 (Table 2-2). This measurement is based on the presence or absence of bleeding on gentle probing.

How often should periodontal probing be done?

According to Frank DeLuca, DMD, JD, the standard of care in dentistry for periodontal charting is a full-mouth, six-point probing with all numbers recorded at a minimum of once per year for all adult patients.

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What age should periodontal probing be done?

They said they use a probe starting at, on average, age 13, but the ages range from 5 to 21.

Can you reverse deep gum pockets?

Periodontitis can’t be reversed, only slowed down, while gingivitis can be reversed. This is why it’s important to catch it in its early stages and prevent it from moving on to periodontitis.

What is the main technique used for detecting periodontal disease?

Radiographic techniques. In conventional radiographs, periapical and bite-wing projections offer the most diagnostic information and are most commonly used in the evaluation of periodontal disease.

What should a periodontal examination include?

A periodontal examination should include a periodontal probing, a radiographic analysis, a gingival index, mobility charting, and an evaluation of the amount of attached gingiva. These clinical exercises require simple instrumentation and a minimal amount of clinical calibration on the part of the examiner.

Can periodontitis be cured?

Your dentist can help catch early signs of gingivitis at your regular cleanings and checkups. In most cases, you can cure gum in this stage. However, as the disease progresses and reaches periodontitis, it can’t be cured, only treated.

Happy teeth