Your question: How do you detect periodontal disease?

Periodontal disease is diagnosed by your dentist or dental hygienist during a periodontal examination. This type of exam should always be part of your regular dental check-up. A periodontal probe (small dental instrument) is gently used to measure the sulcus (pocket or space) between the tooth and the gums.

What are some of the early warning signs of periodontal disease?


  • Swollen or puffy gums.
  • Bright red, dusky red or purplish gums.
  • Gums that feel tender when touched.
  • Gums that bleed easily.
  • Pink-tinged toothbrush after brushing.
  • Spitting out blood when brushing or flossing your teeth.
  • Bad breath.
  • Pus between your teeth and gums.


Does periodontitis show up on xray?

An examination by the dentist is the only way to correctly assess the condition of the gums. In addition to the clinical assessment with a gum probe, X-rays must also be taken to assess the condition of the bone.

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How is periodontal stage determined?

Initial stage should be determined using clinical attachment loss (CAL). If CAL is not available, radiographic bone loss (RBL) should be used. Tooth loss due to periodontitis may modify stage definition. One or more complexity factors may shift the stage to a higher level.

What is the main technique used for detecting periodontal disease?

Radiographic techniques. In conventional radiographs, periapical and bite-wing projections offer the most diagnostic information and are most commonly used in the evaluation of periodontal disease.

What are the 4 stages of periodontal disease?

Periodontal disease is broken up into four separate stages: gingivitis, slight periodontal disease, moderate periodontal disease, and advanced periodontal disease.

Do dentists lie about periodontal disease?

The standard of care for dentists licensed to practice dentistry in [name of state] requires dentists to accurately diagnose periodontal disease and refrain from directing auxiliaries to perform scaling and root planing when the need for such is not supported by clinical and radiographic documentation.”

Can periodontitis be cured?

Your dentist can help catch early signs of gingivitis at your regular cleanings and checkups. In most cases, you can cure gum in this stage. However, as the disease progresses and reaches periodontitis, it can’t be cured, only treated.

How fast does periodontal disease progress?

Slight Periodontal Disease

Within two to three weeks, the signs of generalized gingivitis become more noticeable. If you still leave this untreated, it would progress to slight periodontal disease. At this stage, your gums will start to pull away or “recede” from your teeth.

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What does early periodontitis look like?

In its early stages, inflammation around the gums is observable, with gum tissues appearing red and swollen. Gums that are easily irritated or that bleed during tooth brushing indicate the presence of Gingivitis. Removal of the plaque buildup is necessary to prevent the development of gum disease.

What is Type 3 periodontal disease?

Stage III periodontitis (severe disease) patients will have probing depths ≥6 mm, CAL ≥5 mm, and may have vertical bone loss and/or furcation involvement of Class II or III. This will require surgical and possibly regenerative treatments. There is the potential for tooth loss from 0 to 4 teeth.

What are the classifications of periodontal disease?

Classifications of Periodontal Diseases

Stage periodontitis Stage I
Severity Interdental CAL (at site of greatest loss) 1 – 2 mm
RBL Coronal third (<15%)
Tooth Loss (due to periodontitis) No tooth loss
Complexity Local • Max. probing depth ≤4 mm • Mostly Horizontal bone loss

How can I prevent periodontal disease?

Avoiding tobacco use and other healthy measures, such as eating a balanced diet, are important in preventing periodontal disease. Even if you brush and floss regularly, you may not remove all the plaque, especially around the gumline. Plaque can harden into a rough, porous deposit called calculus or tartar.

How do you regrow bone loss from periodontal disease naturally?

Proper periodontal therapy in combination with good home oral hygiene (proper tooth brushing, flossing and interdental cleaning) can eradicate the disease and even regrow some of the bone loss.

How do you get rid of gum infection without antibiotics?

First-line treatment options

  1. Brush your teeth at least twice a day. …
  2. Opt for an electric toothbrush to maximize your cleaning potential.
  3. Make sure your toothbrush has soft or extra-soft bristles.
  4. Replace your toothbrush every three months.
  5. Floss daily.
  6. Use a natural mouthwash.
  7. Visit your dentist at least once a year.
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How is chronic periodontitis treated?

A timely diagnosis of chronic periodontitis at its earliest stage is essential to avoid more challenging severe stages of the disease. Most cases of slight and moderate chronic periodontitis can be successfully managed by mechanical removal and/or reduction of subgingival bacterial biofilms and calculus.

Happy teeth